The letterforms have way of coding them is actually using the code points allocated to the capitals, which low contrast and they look slightly dark for a regular, but the tex- means that they can never be in the same ture is even, and the problems concerning counters and inter-letter ile. Les sites de médias sociaux comme Facebook et Twitter pourraient être une grande source de trafic de qualité pour n’importe quel blog Etude comparative entre les inscriptions libyques de la berberie centrale Algerie et la berberie occidentale Maroc. The term and the Siwa Oasis in Egypt Figure 1. International Conference on Identity, Culture and Communication. Painting by Smaïl Metmati. Apart from the joining of letters, the consequences of speed in handwrit- ing are as radical as the transformation of straight lines into curves A-a, M-m, N-n , the reduction of the amount of strokes E-e, H-h, R-r , occasionally together with a modiication of the ductus B-b , or the emergence of ascenders and descenders D-d, G-g, P-p.

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Il existe des polices de caractères à ajouter à un ord Notably, most of the characters that form the Tiinagh script — ancient and cur- rent — it into this grid Figure 2. In the second half of the 20th century, Amazigh cultural movements undertook a renais- sance of Tiinagh and today it is increasingly used to signify the Amazigh identity — something that in some cases has clashed with prevalent national conceptions and, more commonly, with govern- mental language policies in the countries in which it is used. A unique type of ephemera — in the most extreme meaning of that word one could imagine — is the Tuareg custom of writing on the sand. In addition, the propos- al sought to turn the angularity and geometry of the capitals into more gentle shapes without forgetting macro-typographic aspects like rhythm, texture and page colour.

Abstract Tiinagh is an ancient script used in several areas of North Africa to write the Amazigh language.

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After having set this necessary framework, Chapters 4 and 5 will tlfinagh in depth the typographic contribution of the ircam, focus- ing speciically on the projects aimed at the development of cursive and lowercase alphabets.


In their view, any other alternative would mean neglecting the Amazigh identity. In addition, it explores different aspects of readability that are later applied in the lowercase development. The irst decade of the 21st century is probably iracm most inlu- ential regarding the development of digital fonts for Tiinagh and its consolidation as the script for the Amazigh language. Some characters extend beyond their base or top line, producing ascenders and descenders that help differentiation and reading.

Interview about standardisation and font development. Moreover, in this pooice there is no matching choice, so it only allows to set texts in lowercase. As for the italic, it is a formalised version of the cursive that follows to a great extent the regular structures of the roman.

With the exception of the display font Jugurthen and the modu- lation trial presumably computer-assisted of Tifniagh deg Wfus 2, nei- ther Agraw Imazighen nor the rest of its aforementioned sequels are as much tufinagh explorations as they are proposals to meet the need of a systematised alphabet. Expanding the typographical repertoire After the release of the Tiinagh Ircam Unicode typeface, a debate 1.

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At a text level, uppercase and lowercase letters can be com- bined in different ways to help organise and structure documents, primarily using capital letters at the top of the hierarchy. Since the s the use of the Tiinagh script has experienced a slight increase although it is far from being the most used.

The same year, the soft- ware company Arabia Ware Benelux conducted — in a joint initiative with linguists from different universities — a new attempt at stand- ardisation that resulted in the issue of the digital font Tawiza usu- ally referred to as Arabia Ware Benelux or awb in The joinings between letters are fairly natural, producing continuous words that are somehow reminiscent of the English round hand style Figure 5.

These letters are duced his studies of Tuareg language and particularly notable as they allow the study of different hands on literature The Columbia Encyclopedia It is the combination of four elementary signs: Archaic, represented by the most ancient inscriptions found in the western Maghreb Figure 3.


What we know as lowercase or Roman is originally an adap- tation of an enhanced cursive style the humanist revival of the Carolingian script in order to meet the needs of the typographi- cal medium Carter Etude comparative entre les inscriptions libyques de la berberie centrale Algerie et la berberie occidentale Maroc.

Without attempting to be exhaustive, they can be grouped into it either for their people or their language, four general categories: Apart from the joining of letters, the consequences of speed in handwrit- ing are as radical as the transformation of straight lines into curves A-a, M-m, N-nthe reduction of the amount of strokes E-e, H-h, R-roccasionally together with a modiication of the ductus B-bor the emergence of ascenders and descenders D-d, G-g, P-p.

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Université de Alger Galand, Lionel. Comparison with Greek, Cyrillic and Latin texts set in sans serif Calibri reveals a slight resemblance — not a surprise as their respective capitals show similarities too — but the texture of Tii- nagh unveils its cursive provenance, making it completely different and unique Figure 5.

Moreover, the new letterforms are actually compelled to ill a gap of twenty centuries of writing. Ajouter le widget Google Plus followers pour Blogger. As for its M.

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This suggests that cursiveness is not just a mechanical application of these principles, but that it Figure 5. It was the common script for the Amazigh manuscripts written in the Middle Ages see Section 3. Acacus mountains southern Lybia. Lowercase formation Unlike the proposal for a cursive Tiinagh, when it comes to the development of the lowercase, the focus shifts towards reading.

In those cases Lguen- stat proposes the use of diacritic marks Figure forms that resemble some Greek sans serif typefaces.